December 10, 2021 media Nobel Peace Prize
“A deadly game of power and money”
Stand: 5:02 pm | Reading time: 4 minutes
“Believe in the good of the world”: Maria Ressa
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Journalists Maria Ressa and Dmitri Muratow received the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo. The speeches given by the two defenders of freedom of expression were as moving as they were alarming.
The Nobel Peace Prizes were awarded in Oslo. For the first time since 1936, this honor is bestowed on journalists. At that time, the German publicist Carl von Ossietzky was in the spotlight; he died a victim of the Nazi dictatorship without being able to accept the price. Today, 85 years later, Maria Ressa and Dmitri Muratow are the winners.
Ressa and Muratow are for their Struggle to preserve excellent freedom of expression, “a condition for democracy and lasting peace”, as the explanatory memorandum says. Ressa is the founder of the Philippine site “Rappler”, which has repeatedly reported on President Rodrigo Duterte’s brutal policies against opponents of the regime and who, like his employees, is regularly threatened (and also arrested).
Muratov has been editor-in-chief of the independent Russian newspaper “Novaya Gazeta” since 1995, which he co-founded and which for many years has come under pressure from the Kremlin for his critical articles. The greatest danger to journalists in Russia comes from the state, says Muratov, whose newspaper regularly reports on corruption and violation of human dignity by the Russian state.
In the presence of the Norwegian royal family, Maria Ressa gave an impressive speech. Your goal, Ressa said, is to make journalism a better world free from hatred, violence and abuse of power. Ressa has condemned not only the murders of 22 journalists since President Duterte ruled the Philippines, as well as several other murders, for example of lawyers.
She also addressed her harsh criticisms to Facebook. With the help of the network, it has been possible to build a disinformation network in the Philippines, with the help of which the government is trying to divide and radicalize people. “An invisible atomic bomb has exploded in our information system,” Ressa said – referring to Facebook.
Maria Ressa and Dmitri Muratov at the ceremony in Oslo
In this regard, Ressa’s fight is directed at least as much against the Duterte regime as against the company of Mark Zuckerberg. His speech was a big warning about the danger that so-called social media can pose to our community. âIt’s a deadly game of power and money,â Ressa said.
This game must stop, it’s about letting the facts prevail, doing journalism for the 21st century. To do this, journalists themselves should better understand and use the technology. Only with “the integrity of the facts” is it possible to achieve a world of trust and compassion. And then Ressa held a “Rappler” t-shirt to the cameras that read, “Believe in the good of the world.” “
Nobel laureate Dimitri Muratow
Your colleague Dmitri Muratov quoted in his speech the Russian physicist Andrei Sakharov, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975: âPeace, progress, human rights – these three goals are inextricably linked. But the world is turning away from democracy, it is turning to dictatorships. “We are dealing with the illusion that progress can be made through technology and violence, not human rights and freedoms,” Muratov said.
Referring to the war in Chechnya, Muratov said: âIn the minds of some crazy geopoliticians, war between Russia and Ukraine is no longer impossible. Journalists are there to find the facts – politicians need to draw the right conclusions. But in today’s Russia it is still common practice to torture prisoners. At this point, he brought up Kremlin opponent Alexej Navalny, as well as the murder of his colleague Anna Politkovskaya 15 years ago.
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The editor-in-chief announced that he would found an international tribunal against torture – torture should be considered the most serious crime against humanity. Journalists must help improve the future. And in this sense, the Nobel Peace Prize is a reward for the entire community of investigative journalists: âWe are the antidote to tyranny.
The ceremony was short, solemn – and painful. A celebration of journalism for which appeasement is not an option because those who oppose freedom of expression are still far from giving up. Muratov ended his speech with the phrase: âI want journalists to die old.